How to Pronounce Days, Months, and Seasons in Spanish?

The comparison between the English and Spanish systems reveals both similarities and differences that are intriguing.

While the concept of time remains universal, the linguistic expressions and the cultural nuances associated with them can be quite different.

Therefore, it is important to learn about them.

Let us take a look at how we should say days, months, and seasons in Español.

Key Takeaways:

  • Days are named from Monday (Lunes) to Sunday (Domingo) and are not capitalized unless they start a sentence.
  • The months range from Enero (January) to Diciembre (December), and using them in sentences like “Mi cumpleaños es en julio” can aid in practice.
  • The four seasons are Spring (La primavera), Summer (El verano), Fall/Autumn (El otoño), and Winter (El invierno.)


The Spanish week starts on Monday (lunes), contrasting with the common English calendar where Sunday often takes the first spot.

The days of the week are as follows:

  • Lunes (Monday)
  • Martes (Tuesday)
  • Miércoles (Wednesday)
  • Jueves (Thursday)
  • Viernes (Friday)
  • Sábado (Saturday)
  • Domingo (Sunday)

It’s noteworthy that these names, unlike in English, are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence.

Knowing the right way to use them in your vocabulary with phrases like “Hoy es martes” (Today is Tuesday) can significantly enhance your communication skills.

Also, Spanish culture has a distinct starting day of the week, which aligns more closely with international standards (ISO) and can be a subtle yet interesting cultural adaptation for learners.


The months in Spanish are:

  • Enero (January)
  • Febrero (February)
  • Marzo (March)
  • Abril (April)
  • Mayo (May)
  • Junio (June)
  • Julio (July)
  • Agosto (August)
  • Septiembre (September)
  • Octubre (October)
  • Noviembre (November)
  • Diciembre (December)

These terms are crucial for discussing dates, planning events, and understanding cultural references. Spanish months offer a great example of linguistic similarities to English, which can be leveraged for easier memorization.

For instance, many months share the same roots and are therefore recognizable across both languages.

Using sentences like “Mi cumpleaños es en julio” (My birthday is in July) helps in practicing these terms in real-life contexts.


The four seasons are named as follows:

  • La primavera (Spring)
  • El verano (Summer)
  • El otoño (Fall/Autumn)
  • El invierno (Winter)

These seasons play a significant role in cultural and everyday conversations, affecting activities, clothing choices, and even cuisine.

Seasons in Spanish-speaking countries are aligned with the calendar months in a way that might differ from the learner’s home country, especially for those coming from the southern hemisphere.

This can lead to interesting discussions and learning opportunities. Expressing preferences like “Prefiero el verano” (I prefer summer) or planning activities according to the season are practical ways to integrate this vocabulary into conversations.

Additional Vocabulary and Usage

Key vocabulary related to time includes words like “hoy” (today), “mañana” (tomorrow), “ayer” (yesterday), and phrases useful for making appointments or plans, such as “¿Qué día es hoy?” (What day is today?).

Knowing exactly how to ask and tell time using “¿Qué hora es?” (What time is it?) or stating “Son las dos de la tarde” (It’s two in the afternoon) enhance communication in daily interactions and professional settings alike.

Practice and Application

Mastering the days, months, seasons, and related vocabulary in Spanish requires consistent practice.

Interactive methods such as filling in calendars, scheduling hypothetical events, and discussing personal schedules can be particularly effective.

Having conversations with native speakers and practicing in real-life situations, such as making appointments or discussing the weather, will help with solidifying the knowledge further.

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